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BEYOND MARS AND VENUS by John Gray Times have changed. This despite Venus being the wife of Vulcan, making the relationship adulterous by normal human standards.  Bellingham proposes several layers of identification for the figures, generating different meanings.  The Venus here, unlike in the artist's Birth of Venus, is fully clothed, as she is in marital mode. The main roles in the play are the Goddess Venus, an adulterous, sensual woman fond of sex and society; Mars a god both handsome and virile, exciting and aggressive; and Vulcan the forger, a powerful but old god, twisted and lame. Ronald Lightbown describes Mars as "Botticelli's most perfect male nude", though there are not really a large number of these; he was less interested in perfecting the anatomy of his figures than many of his Florentine contemporaries, but seems to have paid special attention to it here. The passage in Lucian is given in translation by Bellingham, 364–365, Ettlingers, 141–144; Lightbown, 168; Bellingham, 365–366. A fourth blows a small conch shell in his ear in an effort, so far unsuccessful, to wake him. Some scholars say the story is a morality play about how ridicule kills passion, others that the story is describing how passion survives only when it is secret, and once discovered, it cannot last. Jahrhunderts, die die Entwicklung von einer betont bürgerlichen zu einer höfischen Kultur widerspiegelt. In the foreground, Vulcan has just pulled off the net in which he ensnared his wife Venus and her lover Mars; the other gods, called in by Vulcan, join in the ridicule from above. [Outro] G A F D G A F D G A F D G D A. X. Mars and Venus Surprised by Vulcan Alexandre Charles Guillemot (French, 1786-1831) Not Currently on View Image Licensing. Mars also means accidents, high fever, cuts, surgery, and blood on the surface. Stanze 122 describes how the hero found Venus "seated on the edge of her couch, just then released from the embrace of Mars, who lay on his back in her lap, still feeding his eyes on her face". ‘Venus and Mars’ was created in c.1720 by Giambattista Pittoni in Rococo style. The painting probably dates to around 1500-05, and later belonged to Giorgio Vasari. (#886404)  A Roman sarcophagus in the Vatican is carved with a similar Mars and Venus reclining, accompanied by putti. ", The Story of Nastagio Degli Onesti, part one, Venus and the Three Graces Presenting Gifts to a Young Woman, A Young Man Being Introduced to the Seven Liberal Arts, Madonna of the Rosegarden (Madonna del Roseto), Madonna of the Magnificat (Madonna del Magnificat), Madonna of the Pomegranate (Madonna della Melagrana), Madonna Adoring the Child with Five Angels, Virgin and Child with the Infant St. John the Baptist, The Virgin and Child with Three Angels (Madonna del Padiglione), Portrait of a Man with a Medal of Cosimo the Elder, Portrait of a Young Man holding a Medallion, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Venus_and_Mars_(Botticelli)&oldid=993230526, Botticelli paintings in the National Gallery, London, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Then he told Venus he was leaving for Lemnos. Gill, N.S. ", In 2010, the plant held by the satyr in the bottom right corner of the painting was hypothetically identified as the fruit of Datura stramonium by the art historian David Bellingham. Venus und Mars ist ein Gemälde von Sandro Botticelli, das um 1485 entstand. , The Victorian critic John Addington Symonds, without disagreeing with that interpretation, thought the newly fashionable Botticelli overrated and "harboured an irrational dislike for the picture", writing that "The face and attitude of that unseductive Venus... opposite her snoring lover, seems to symbolize the indignities which women have to endure from insolent and sottish boys with only youth to recommend them. Of course, Vulcan hadn't really left for Lemnos and instead found them and shouted to Venus's father Jove, who came ushering in the other gods to witness his cuckolding, including Mercury, Apollo, and Neptune—all the goddesses stayed away in shame. The story is that the goddess Venus was married to Vulcan, god of the night and blacksmithing and an ugly and lame old man. ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/mars-and-venus-caught-in-a-net-117113.  It shows the Roman gods Venus, goddess of love, and Mars, god of war, in an allegory of beauty and valour. (2020, August 27). Find more prominent pieces of mythological painting at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. The god Apollo saw what they were about and told Vulcan. The exact date of Venus and Mars is not known, but the National Gallery's dated the painting to "c. 1485" in 2017. Dated to the 1st century CE. Giuliano di Piero de' Medici's candidacy as a model for Mars is somewhat problematic as he was assassinated in 1478, which is 5 years prior to the earliest date of the painting creation (1483). , This is taken both as evidence of Botticelli's collaboration with Humanist advisors with the full classical education that he lacked, and his keenness to recreate the lost wonders of ancient painting, a theme in the interpretation of several of his secular works, most clearly in the Calumny of Apelles, which also uses Lucian. In 1873, it appears that The Otter Hunt by Edwin Landseer, who died that year, was sold privately for £10,000. The Venus and Mars netted story is also significantly mentioned in the English poet John Dryden's All for Love, or the World Well Lost. As mentioned above, Venus and Mars are pretty big players when it comes to love and relationships. The youthful and voluptuous couple recline in a forest setting, surrounded by playful baby satyrs. Venus and Mars by Sandro Botticelli as fine art print.  Giuliano had chosen Simonetta as his "lady" in a famous joust in 1475, organized by his older brother Lorenzo de' Medici ("Lorenzo il Magnifico"), the effective ruler of Florence to celebrate a treaty with Venice and Milan. In Homer's Odyssey, Venus returns to Cyprus, in Ovid she remains with Vulcan. trad. Wir fertigen Ihr Gemälde genau nach Ihren Wünschen.  They had been neighbours of Botticelli since his childhood, and had commissioned his Saint Augustine in His Study for the Ognissanti church in 1480, probably in addition to other commissions. Their coat of arms included wasps, as their name means "little wasps" in Italian, and the wasps' nest, in a hollow in the tree in the top right corner, is exactly in the place in the panel where the coat of arms of a patron was often painted. , Many later commentators have probably taken this scripted display of Petrarchan courtly love using the beautiful young wife of a political ally over-literally, generating a legend of an actual affair between the two.  For Erwin Panofsky, the Piero is an "enchantingly primitivistic pastoral" where Botticelli's version is a "solemnly classicizing allegory". Rahu and Mars in 2nd House . Avery-Quash, Susanna, in Gordon, Dillian, National Gallery Catalogues (new series): Bellingham, David, "Aphrodite deconstructed: Botticelli's "Venus and Mars" in the National Gallery, London", in, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 14:15. The single was released in the United States on 27 October 1975 and in the United Kingdom on 28 November 1975. Vertrautheit, Nähe und Liebe durch offene Kommunikation. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/mars-and-venus-caught-in-a-net-117113. (#29422) Mit oder ohne Gemälderahmen. Vulcan demands his dowry back from Jove, and Neptune bargains for the freedom of Mars and Venus, promising that if Mars doesn't pay the dowry back he would pay it himself. Come with us and writer Michael Neubauer and take a look behind the scenes of our title painting »Venus und Mars« (ca. Hochwertige Museumsqualität aus österreichischer Manufaktur. This is suggested by the wide format and the close view of the figures. , In the foreground, a swarm of wasps hovers around Mars' head, possibly as a symbol that love is often accompanied by pain. Mars, handsome, young, and clean-built, is irresistible to her, and they make passionate love in Vulcan's marriage bed. Venus and Mars (or Mars and Venus) is a panel painting of about 1485 by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli. Venus (Mythologie), griechisch Aphrodite, die holde Göttin der Liebe, welche Dichtung und Mythe mit allem Reiz der Anmuth verschwenderisch ausstatten. With or without painting frame. FREE WELLNESS GUIDE. Poliziano was one of the humanist scholars in the court of Lorenzo de' Medici, and his stanze recount Giuliano di Piero de' Medici's prowess in a jousting tournament. The couple's relationship could also be considered in terms of astrology, in which Mars is, according to Marsilio Ficino, "outstanding in strength among the planets, because he makes men stronger, but Venus masters him ...she seems to master Mars, but Mars never masters Venus". The youthful and voluptuous couple recline in a forest setting, surrounded by playful baby satyrs. So, it only makes sense that there’s a certain spark when someone’s Venus shares the same sign as someone’s Mars. Gill, N.S. The story of Mars and Venus caught in a net is one of the adulterous lovers exposed by a cuckolded husband. This lavish public show was commemorated in the poem by Poliziano, the Medici court poet, known as the Stanze or la Giostra ("Verses" or "The Joust"), giving a detailed account, including a description of Giuliano's banner with an image of Pallas Athene, which was painted by Botticelli. Like Venus-Mars inter-aspects, mars moon inter-aspects represent the male/female or yin/yang energy between couples. , Bellingham suggests that the growing plant in the bottom right corner is a species of aloe, credited by the Greeks with medicinal powers, as well as offering protection against evil spirits and enhancing sexual excitement. Gill, N.S.  Other late classical sources regarded Cupid as a child of the union. Venus watches Mars sleep while two infant satyrs play, carrying his helmet (a sallet) and lance as another rests inside his breastplate under his arm. Vulcan agrees and loosens the chains, and Venus goes off to Cyprus and Mars to Thrace. Roman fresco depicting Mars (god of war) and Venus (goddess of love) - lovers who, according to ancient myths, were to hide their love before Volcano (god of fire), husband of Venus. The Mars person instinctively senses the needs of the Moon person and strives to fulfil them. 2.680 ff. Mars, handsome, young, and clean-built, is irresistible to her, and they make passionate love in Vulcan's marriage bed.  Scholar Ronald Lightbown dates it to "probably around 1483", while art historians Leopold & Helen Ettlinger date the painting to "the latter half of the 1480s". Venus und Mars von Sandro Botticelli als Kunstdruck kaufen. Auf Leinwand gespannt oder Foto. "Mars and Venus Caught in a Net."  All dates depend on analysis of the style, as the painting has not been convincingly tied to a specific date, such as a wedding. We produce your artwork exactly like you wish. , Wilhelm von Bode (d. 1929) first proposed the pair as the models in this painting; in his interpretation, Mars is tired after jousting, and Venus appears to him in a dream, as his prize. , The NG has used "V&M" since at least Davies' catalogue; Lightbown, the Ettlingers and Dempsey use "M&V". Ettlingers, 118–119, 164–168; Lightbown, 61–65; Hartt, 331; Bellingham, 359–362, Bellingham, 255; Legouix, 108; Davies, 100–101; Reitlinger, 99, 127, Reitlinger, Chapter 4 generally and specifically 99, 358, Botticelli's Venus and Mars 'high on drugs', "High Art: Were Botticelli's Venus And Mars Stoned? The gods roared with laughter to see the lovers caught, and one of them (Mercury) makes a joke that he wouldn't mind being caught in the trap himself. This plant, often referred to as "poor man's acid", has properties likened to a mixture of opium and alcohol, and may cause fainting or drowsiness as its effects wear off. GET MY COPY! Our relationships desperately need new skills to match. Both Giuliano and Simonetta had been dead for several years when this painting was made: Simonetta died in 1476 at 22, and Giuliano had been assassinated in 1478 in the Pazzi conspiracy.. Am Asus2 Red lights, green lights, strawberry wine, Em Em7 A good friend of mine follows the stars, A7sus4 A7 Venus and Mars are alright tonight. It seems likely that Botticelli worked out the concept for the painting, with its learned allusions, with an advisor such as Poliziano, the Medici house poet and Renaissance Humanist scholar.. Between 1857 and 1878, the National Gallery, London, acquired five of his works, including Venus and Mars. The story is that the goddess Venus was married to Vulcan, god of the night and blacksmithing and an ugly and lame old man. Other literary connections to the Venus and Mars story, albeit some less strict to the plot, include the first poem William Shakespeare ever published, called Venus and Adonis published in 1593. , The scene is set in a grove of myrtle, traditionally associated with Venus and marriage, or possibly laurel, associated with Lorenzo de' Medici (il Magnifico), or perhaps both plants. It is unlikely that any such affair took place; Giuliano's actual mistress, Fioretta Gorini, was well known (and their son became Pope Clement VII). Sandro Botticelli: Venus and Mars in Renaissance Florence Caroline Campbell, The Jacob Rothschild Head of the Curatorial Department, discusses Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli's painting 'Venus and Mars', an intriguing mythological scene depicting Venus, the goddess of Love, and Mars, the god of... More paintings by Sandro Botticelli The National Gallery bought 13 works at the sale, where the Director, Sir William Boxall, was accompanied by Benjamin Disraeli, then Chancellor of the Exchequer, who was keen to buy. The album topped US and UK charts reaching #1 on both, spearheaded by … John Gray’s Wellness Solutions. Stretched on canvas or printed as photo.  This was a commonplace in Renaissance thinking, which might be elaborated in terms of Renaissance Neoplatonism. That is a tale about Cleopatra and Marc Anthony, but Dryden makes it about passion in general and what does or does not sustain it. ‘Venus Und Mars’ was created by Palma il Giovane in Mannerism (Late Renaissance) style. They contrast in atmosphere and most other aspects, and Piero has included an infant Cupid, a wide landscape and some of the animals that he loved to paint. The Venus partner is Mars partner’s … Venus and Mars by Carlo Saraceni as fine art print. It shows the Roman gods Venus, goddess of love, and Mars, god of war, in an allegory of beauty and valour. Although today Botticelli is the most celebrated Florentine painter of second half of the 15th century, his reputation only reached this level in the late 19th century when his emphasis on line and contour chimed with the contemporary sensibility. Simonetta Vespucci has been suggested as the model or inspiration for a great number of Botticelli's beauties, whose features by no means all have a close resemblance to each other. See more . The usual view of scholars is that the painting was commissioned to celebrate a marriage, and is a relatively uncomplicated representation of sensual pleasure, with an added meaning of love conquering or outlasting war. For example, if you have a Scorpio Venus and your dating a ScorpioMars, prepare for fireworks. Der Hauptschwerpunkt der Arbeit soll dabei auf Tintorettos Gemälde „ Vulkan überrascht Venus und Mars“ liegen ( Jacopo Tintoretto: Vulkan überrascht Venus und Mars, Öl auf Leinwand, 135 x 198 cm, um 1550-1555, München, Alte Pinakothek). Mars, Venus und Partnerschaft. (#29422) NG 915). In Ovid, the tale ends after the gods are laughing at the netted lovers—there is no bargaining for the freedom of Mars, and Ovid's Vulcan is described as more malicious than enraged. Your Venus is in an Air sign and your Mars is in an Air sign. Vulcan went to his forge and created a snare made of bronze chains so fine that not even the gods could see them, and he spread them across his marriage bed, draping them all over the bed-posts.  Others question how this plant, normally considered a native only of North America, might have reached Italy by the 1480s, and dismiss the idea. Aphrodite, the Greek Goddess of Love and Beauty, Drawings of the Greco-Roman Gods and Goddesses, Two Divine Scandals: Ovid Met. Wir fertigen Ihr Gemälde genau nach Ihren Wünschen. , The price reached in 1874 is one of the examples used by Gerald Reitlinger to demonstrate the difference in the mid-Victorian period between the very high prices realized by contemporary art, and the modest ones for Old Masters; a disparity just as marked in the early 21st century. With or without painting frame. and 4.171 ff. M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. The painting was probably intended to commemorate a wedding, set into panelling or a piece of furniture to adorn the bedroom of the bride and groom, possibly as part of a set of works. High-quality museum quality from Austrian manufactory. Dempsey's original suggestion was in his, Ettlingers, 141–144; Lightbown, 168; Bellingham, 365–366. Auf Leinwand gespannt oder Foto. Listen to music by Venus und Mars on Apple Music. Find top songs and albums by Venus und Mars including Mach nicht so schnell and Lass uns leben. , This painting was bought in Florence by the English collector and dealer Alexander Barker between 1864 and 1869, and then bought by the National Gallery at the auction of Barker's collection at Christie's on 6–8 June 1874, for £1,050 (Lot 88). Es befindet sich seit 1874 in der National Gallery in London (Inventar-Nr. The album was recorded primarily at Sea-Saint Studios in New Orleans and at Abbey Road Studios in London. “Venus and Mars/Rock Show” is a medley of two songs written by Paul and Linda McCartney and originally performed by Wings that make up the first two songs of the album Venus and Mars. Owing to the combination of Rahu and Mars in the first house, the native may have numerous love affairs that come to an inopportune end. However, the description, with Mars in Venus' lap, gazing up at her, is a poor fit to the painting. Lucian's ekphrasis or description mentions amoretti or putti playing with Alexander's armour during the ceremony, two carrying his lance and one who has crawled inside his breastplate. These include the couple as Adam and Eve.  The lance and conch can be read as sexual symbols. We produce your artwork exactly like you wish. Venus & Mars Lyrics: Ich glaub so ist es eben / Verschiedene Planeten / Venus und Mars / Uns eigentlich so fremd / Weil ‘ne ganze Welt uns trennt / Venus und Mars / Wir müssen gar nichts sagen / Es The …  Another explanation, first suggested by Ernst Gombrich, is that the wasps represent the Vespucci family that may have commissioned the painting. Experience optimal wellness through natural solutions and transform your health and well-being today! The Myth of Mars's Hot Minion in Venus and Adonis. iBooks.  However, in 2017 the National Gallery website endorsed the identification as a "thorn apple". He concludes that "The idea of love here invested in Venus seems to be revealed, not in a positive celebration of the spirit animating natural life shown in the Primavera and Birth of Venus but as an empty sensual fantasy that disarms and torments the slumbering spirit of a once virile martial valour.  As with the other mythologies, Ernst Gombrich and Edgar Wind were the first to analyse the painting in these terms. Object Description. It is widely seen as representation of an ideal view of sensuous love. https://www.thoughtco.com/mars-and-venus-caught-in-a-net-117113 (accessed February 1, 2021). The ancient painting probably adapted iconography associated with Venus and Mars to the historical Alexander and his bride. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. 1483) by Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli in sisterMAG 50.Read more about the background and origins of the painting and the re-interpretation of the underlying myth in literature and film. Mars und Venus in Umarmung (Published Title) Department: Sculpture & Decorative Arts. The clear implication is that the couple have been making love, and the male habit of falling asleep after sex was a regular subject for ribald jokes in the context of weddings in Renaissance Italy.  In Greek Neoplatonism, Harmony was the daughter of their union. Venus und Mars, um 1575-80 von Veronese als Kunstdruck kaufen.  This is the only recorded sale on the open market of one of Botticelli's large mythological paintings, the others having all reached the collection of the Medici Grand-Dukes of Florence by an early date, and then passed to the Uffizi. Venus and Mars, originally released in 1975, is the fourth album by Wings. The second house of Astrology signifies money, finance, gains, prosperity, and fortune. N.S. Giuliano di Piero de' Medici has been proposed as the athletic model for Mars and, almost inevitably, it has been suggested that Venus has the face of Simonetta Vespucci, a great beauty of the time, married to the cousin of Amerigo Vespucci.  It likely comes a few years after the Primavera and Pallas and the Centaur (both about 1482) and around the time of The Birth of Venus (c. See less . Venus and Mars (or Mars and Venus) is a panel painting of about 1485 by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli. Find more prominent pieces of mythological painting at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. , Though there are other paintings of Venus and Mars, Botticelli's work is often compared and contrasted with the Venus, Mars and Cupid by Piero di Cosimo (Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, c. 1505), a younger Florentine painter who had probably seen the Botticelli. Venus in Air, Mars in Air (Romantic Air, Airy Desires): In love, you are youthful, intelligent, spirited, and mostly cool-headed, or you are drawn to partners with these qualities. Classification: Sculpture. In this tabletop bronze sculpture, Venus, the nude goddess of love, and Mars, the god of war, tenderly embrace in a union of opposites. He was the first god they say to see the adulteries of Venus and Mars: he sees all things first. Then, as he falls back on your sacred body, Lady, lean over and let sweet utterance pour from your holy lips—a plea of peace for Rome. , The position of the main figures reflects the description of them by Lucretius in de rerum natura ("The Nature of Things"): "though Mars the War Lord rules war’s savage works, yet often he throws himself into your arms, faint with love’s deathless wound, and there, with arching neck bent back, looks up and sighs, and feeds a lustful eye on you and, pillowed, dangles his life’s breath from your lips.  There is a limited view of the meadow beyond, leading to a distant walled city. The ultimate source for Poliziano's poem is Lucretius I.32–34. "Mars and Venus Caught in a Net." Mars and Venus United by Love 1570s Paolo Veronese (Paolo Caliari) Italian On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 608 In this visually opulent and sensual painting, Cupid binds Mars (the god of war) to Venus with a love knot. Copley, W. W. Norton & Company. ... Venus & Mars Astro-Coaching Markus Eicher Promenade 10 5600 Lenzburg markus.josef.eicher(at)bluewin.ch 079 456 04 82. (Paperback) Published February 1st 2003 by Goldmann Paperback, 374 pages Author(s): John Gray. The story also appears in Book II of the Roman poet Ovid's Ars Amatoria, written in 2 C.E., and a briefer form in Book 4 of his Metamorphoses, written 8 C.E. Venus and Mars is an Italian Renaissance painting by Paolo Veronese. There is a lot of romantic chemistry between you two because the Venus is attracted to the Mars’ similar passion and sex drive, while Mars is attracted to the Venus’ charm. The object was found in Herculaneum. When Venus and Mars took advantage of Vulcan's absence, they were caught in the net, unable to stir hand or foot. Love even takes Sol prisoner, who rules all the stars with his light. See below for dating, Hartt, 331; Lightbown, 163–164; Davies, 99, For a complicated but inconclusive argument suggesting a date after about 1482, see Lightbown, 170, Ettlingers, 138, and pages on the other paintings, Ettlingers, 138; The Secret Life of Paintings, p.43, Richard Foater & Pamela Tudor-Craig; Davies, 101, Legouix, 108; Davies, 99–100; Lightbown, 164, 170, Davies, 100; Dempsey; Wind, Chapter V; Hartt, 331, quoted, Dempsey; Lightbown, 169–170 covers the same ground, reaching a different conclusion. Mars and Venus Caught in a Net. Bellingham, 368–369, is more supportive, though favouring a multiplicity of meanings. Stretched on canvas or printed as photo. Die Tafel gehört zu den bedeutendsten Zeugnissen für den künstlerischen Wandel in der Florentiner Malerei des fortgeschrittenen 15. Read "'Venus und Mars' in Ovids Metamorphosen und Jacopo Tintorettos 'Vulkan überrascht Venus und Mars'" by Julia Horn available from Rakuten Kobo. Sie kann Ursachen und Möglichkeiten aufzeigen, wie diese Verhaltensmuster gebrochen und in eine konstruktive Ausdrucksweise umgepolt werden können.  It is the only one of these paintings not in the Uffizi in Florence; it has been in the National Gallery in London since 1874. Gallery Label; Provenance; Like the renowned painter Ingres, Guillemot was a student of the Neoclassicist Jacques-Louis David and remained his faithful follower. The similarities include the two figures reclining, with Mars asleep and Venus awake, and a group of infant attendants who play with Mars' armour, in a setting of bushes opening to a landscape. ThoughtCo. I will tell you about his amours. The unfinished Nativity by Piero della Francesca was bought for £2,415, and a fresco Return of Ulysses by Pinturicchio for £2,152. , The painting is thought originally to have been set into panelling as a spalliera, or part of furniture such as a bed, the back of a lettuccio, a wooden sofa, or a similar piece.. Object Type: Sculpture. Venus Mars und Vulcanus Gyger Hinterglasbild .jpg 269 × 431; 76 KB Victor Wolfvoet II - Hercules and Minerva Expelling Mars.jpg 1,920 × 1,430; 2.13 MB Vulcan, Venus and Mars - Maarten van Heemskerck (1540).jpg 602 × 576; 92 KB (#738759) , The work is agreed by all to draw on the description by Lucian, a poet in Greek of the 2nd-century AD, of a famous painting, now lost, by Echion of the wedding ceremony of Alexander the Great and Roxana. and His Sources, The play of desire: Vulcan's net and other stories of passion in "All for Love". The earliest form of the story that we have appears in Book 8 of the Greek poet Homer's Odyssey, likely written in the 8th century B.C.E. Mit oder ohne Gemälderahmen. ", One dissenting interpretation is from Charles Dempsey, who finds a more sinister meaning in the picture, with the little satyrs as incubi who torment sleepers, provoking "sexual terrors in the dreams of those bound in a state of sensual error and confusion." 1486). , As with many other of Botticelli's secular paintings, leading figures from Florentine high society have been proposed as the models for the figures. High-quality museum quality from Austrian manufactory. Venus and Mars National Gallery.jpg 7,689 × 3,073; 8.03 MB Venus and Mars National GalleryFXD.jpg 7,689 × 3,073; 4.4 MB Art and criticism - monographs and studies (1892) (14597919200).jpg 2,774 × 1,088; 440 KB Mars and Venus. Hochwertige Museumsqualität aus österreichischer Manufaktur. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise.